Does it Really Take 30 Minutes to Wake Up?
Recently a teacher emailed me asking a few questions about my digital plans I post each week. One of her questions was about my Morning Wake-Up block. My morning work time.
Here’s a glimpse of what she was asking about.
She asked how I stretched my Morning Wake-Up time to 30 minutes – and what was I doing while the kids were working on this.
The Art of Slowing Down
It gives me an opportunity to share with you one of the greatest things I’ve learned in all my years of teaching … s.l.o.w. d.o.w.n.
I don’t mean work slowly.What I mean is – stop making the goal to get through your stack of work you scheduled for the day – but rather make everything meaningful.
It wasn’t an easy shift.
I’m a task person. I like to check things off. Get things done. Move on.
But that is definitely NOT the way to teach. Thorough understanding doesn’t occur that way. No, I don’t mean throw out your schedule! That’s just crazy talk!!! Just make room in it for better teaching.
Giving myself permission (and sometimes simply forcing myself) to SLOW DOWN and wring every speck of learning out of each thing we do in class was a fabulous change for me. My first few years of teaching I always stressed about getting everything done and not “falling behind”.
One of the biggest and best “shifts” I made in this area was in correcting work.
Happiness found in a RED PEN
I rarely grade things on my own and pass them back. In my class my kiddos hear a lot of….
In the first weeks of school we go over the rules about the red pens and how to grade/go over your own work. The kids know that skipping ahead, marking something correct when it is actually wrong and just needs to be fixed, will result in a moved tile and a paper that is thrown away. If they get something wrong, they know it is absolutely no big deal however it is a HUGE deal if they don’t fix it when we go over it.
Morning Wake-Up – the PERFECT Way to Wake-Up that Schema!
Morning Wake Up is a morning work review sheet that we do each day. I’ve had it bound into books that the kids keep in their desks.
Most of the kids finish the assigned page each day in about 15 minutes. Those who finish before the others quietly read their library books while waiting for their classmates (for Kinder version, I recommend having the early finishers color the pictures). Every once in a while there may be something a little new or different on one of the sections, so I explain that before they get started. During those 15 minutes – I get a few things done while sipping coffee in order to wake up my own brain cells. 🙂
Here’s one of the pages. Keep in mind that the question content/standards vary a bit throughout the year, but the format remains consistent.
Because the pages change only slightly each time, the kids quickly learn how to complete the pages on their own and do so with minimal initial instruction.
A finished morning work page would look something like this.
The Importance of “WHY”
At this point I say,
They all put away their books and pencils and grab their red pens.
But this is the important part. I don’t just tell them the answers and have them mark them right and fix any errors. Each and every day we do a little lesson on each question. I consider it a time where they teach me. Their job is to explain to me why their answer is correct and I do a lot of asking why. A LOT OF ASKING WHY.
Text Dependent Evidence
The first question is my favorite part. This is truly difficult for many first graders. Quite honestly, most of the time it requires some common sense that a few of them haven’t quite developed yet.
I will start the correcting of this problem with questions like:
Sure, people drive places for trips. It never said they weren’t driving.
Absolutely, sometimes people fly when they travel.
Yes people go on ships to travel far as well.
The point here is that often times there will be more than one possible choice. I encourage the kiddos to search out evidence that will help support the BEST choice. They must give me the reason WHY they chose choice B. Sometimes using common sense and/or prior knowledge in addition to some evidence they find in the text will supply the reasoning behind their answer choice. This lends VERY well to common core because students must be able to decipher between good or reasonable choices and select what is BEST. The kiddos know that the main idea of this question is to underline the evidence – not just pick a, b, or c. As the year progresses, the answers to questions in this section get more and more complicated to figure out.
Explain What Wrong Answers Are Lacking
For questions like this I always ask things like “Why isn’t C the correct answer?” Or, “What’s wrong with B? It starts with a capital.”
Having kiddos explain why something is wrong allows them to engage higher level thinking and demonstrate a more thorough knowledge of a concept. When they CAN’T explain it – I know we have another opportunity for a well needed lesson.
Going BEYOND Phonic Rule Identification
This type of question allows us to discuss WHY the name of this picture follows a phonic or spelling rule we’ve learned about.
The same for this type of question…
I LOVE to have them explain to me the phonic rule or spelling pattern found in words, rather than ask them to spell or read it correctly. AGAIN… the more they can explain, the higher level their thinking and the greater rules are embedded into their schema.
Give Me an Explanation
With the following question types, I review DAILY how to read each choice within the sentence regardless of whether or not they think they know the right answer right away. This helps them get used to “hearing” what is wrong with some answer choices and make it easier to find correct answers when the complete the sentence type question is more challenging. I also ask things like:
This provides the kiddos with another opportunity to demonstrate their knowledge on sounding out.
Editing, sentence construction and penmanship are something we work on constantly throughout each day. This task may have errors in punctuation, capitals, grammar, and/or spelling. Their job is to find it all – fix it – and then write it correctly using GORGEOUS PRINTING that must include properly formed letters that use the lines and words that have spaces between them.
They get a lot of opportunities to put happy marks (whatever they want to mark their paper with when grading… it could be happy faces, stars, hearts, etc) on their paper. They get a “point” for each and everything they fix and do properly – including a HUGE happy mark for gorgeous printing. 🙂 Can you tell printing is a pet peeve of mine. haha
Digging Deeper with Math
This sample of math is pretty straight forward. The kiddos know they need to show the complete number sentence for how they found their answers. For example on problem number 7, it would not be acceptable to only write 3.
Correcting for Meaning
So in the end, a corrected paper will look something like this:
Throughout the time we are “going over” our paper I walk around the classroom and monitor their happy marks. To be honest it only takes 1 or 2 times of someone in class getting their paper thrown in the trash for “cheating and not correcting their paper the right way” along with moving their tile to ensure that the whole class does the right thing.
When I first started teaching, it was hard for me to see morning work as anything other than a COLOSSAL WASTE OF TIME. After all, it is review, it should go quick. But I realized that this review was a perfect opportunity for the kiddos to completely consume these concepts. Eat them up, spit them back out, know them upside down, sideways and backwards. AND it helps me identify who knows the concept and who doesn’t while allowing me to immediately address the issue.
Realizing I had to make a shift in thinking in order to ensure what we did in class was as meaningful and effective as could be definitely made me a better teacher and definitely helped my students become amazingly successful thinkers! This technique is something I do all day long on most things we do “independently” unless I plan to use the work as a formal assessment.
Slow Down and Dig Deeper
If you feel that stress of getting through it all, I greatly recommend you try telling yourself to slow down and just spend a day doing a lot of asking why. Have your kiddos teach you what they know. You will learn a lot about what they don’t know and what you thought they “got” but really didn’t. If you are nervous about slowing down and letting some things on the plan go – I promise you’ll change your mind after shifting gears for a couple of days. Once you see the shift within your student’s knowledge gain you will be so happy you took the time. Worried your higher level students will be bored? Don’t be. They absolutely LOVE being able to teach a concept back to you. All of my kiddos are seriously incredibly engaged during these “grading” times.
So… that’s why Morning Wake-Up takes 30 minutes. 🙂
Enjoy your day peeps!